Updated: Jun 18
The Dark History of utterly Autocratic approach to Public
Initially published by Be Unique on medium
From the time of evolution until the current modern age, through generations, the human being has struggled not only to preserve life but also to conquer the horizons of skillful existence. Over his journey, every rational reality by nature has to contribute to its society, in one way or the other. Over time, he has had lessons learned from his ancestors and then donated by passing them along the chain of humanity to future generations.
He started the journey employing simple hunting, farming, and crafting, propagating along with the unique learned skills through rudimentary mentorship.
Today, profession and skill have been shaped into a formal education entailing a sophisticated but organized educational system. He often incurred positive outcomes but sometimes has writhed significant setbacks. By nature, human beings have an inherent tendency to be competitive. They may even go further to please such instinct by cutting corners in their professional try's journey. Leaders introduced social programs under the patronage of public safety and quality assurance. Hence, They also introduced the notions of certification and licensing.
The former was to set up the validity of specific characteristics of an object, person, or organization qualification to govern whether a particular individual is knowledgeable enough in a given occupational discipline to be classified as "competent to practice" in that scope. But, licensing or occupational accrediting, also called professional licensure, is a form of government guidelines requiring a license to pursue a particular profession for "compensation."
Occupations that can significantly harm influence individuals, like physicians and lawyers, need professional licenses in most developed countries. Still, ample jurisdiction also requires permits for professions without significant adverse risks, like plumbers, taxi drivers, and electricians.
Licensing creates a regulatory barrier to entry into a selected group of professions, resulting in higher wages for those with licenses and higher costs for consumers.
What are Societies and Boards?
Board was formed to signify a group of people with necessary skills and knowledge about a profession assigned the responsibility to govern a particular organization, company, society, or other entities to enforce the licensing requirements. Boards sustain their statutory requirements. Hence, the sole role is to implement collectively privileging policies.
History and evolution of license
The history of licensing reaches as far back as the 17th century. Contrary to what is commonly perceived, Western countries have never operated as a purely economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention (laissez-faire capitalism) such as regulation, privileges, tariffs, and subsidies.
The Western monarchy monopolies, in particular, favored parties, say the colony at Virginia was founded by such a monopoly and reserved land and mineral rights for itself. Colonial and early state governments in America regulated property and the market. Licensing establishment has a historical succession. Middle age alliance classified access into distinct occupations.
The 13th and 14th centuries saw elementary forms of medical licensing in Germany, Naples, Sicily, and Spain. By the 20th century, there was an explosion in the number of occupations liable to a licensing requirement. Since 1950, the percentage of the domestic workforce in positions vulnerable to a licensing requirement has multiplied 500 percent and now stands at no less than 25 percent of the economy.
Occupational licensing is now one of the nation's principal forms of economic regulations. Among the occupations subject to a licensing requirement are barbers, bartenders, and cat groomers who have no or minimal risk to human lives.
By definition, certification is a formal process by which an authorized person or agency assesses, verifies, and attests in writing through the issuance of a certificate that the attributes, characteristics, quality, qualification, or status of an individual's professional services are under time-honored standards.
Licensing and Certification Today
The concept of licensing and certification has evolved from the fairness of creating some quality professional standards for goods and services rendered by individuals or an entity to a more sophisticated procedure and protocols that, in many aspects, have had little to do with quality and more to do with control and power of sway.
It has not only extended to other careers that by nature do not necessarily present a direct danger to the society but also has widened the scope of its intervention with the inadequate reason for doing so by the board of directors. Even though the overall intent is as attractive as values determined within the specific context of the professional interaction, the point of this argument is beyond rhetoric, which will be more evident as we expand our discussion later in this piece.
Only to keep in mind, today, disciplinary actions against a licensee are by far harsher, and thresholds are at an all-time low. Hence it is essential to contemplate that some professional achievements are the person's lifetime investment. Its full-scale application is a hefty price paid for breaking bureaucratic dogmata.
The complex licensing system will invite bureaucracy, and some board decisions may deem accountability overkill and too costly in the individual's life.
Public Safety and Licensing
Public safety is undoubtedly the most important reason to put in place a system that ensures autonomy and quality assurances for every profession, especially those with direct responsibilities to human life. Even so, the substance of controversy is the necessity to implement a micro-management structure encompassing actions that invade individual privacy and dictate favoritism.
The importance is to support a reasonable balance and scope of administrative involvement, as excess intervention can have paradoxical sequels. For instance, because of the recent government crackdown on the opioid crisis by lowering the license suspensions and revocations threshold, significant numbers of physicians are reluctant to prescribe opioid analgesics to patients with chronic pain conditions.
Economy and Licensing
The concept of licensing and certification, in general, is against what a free market exemplifies. It provides a tool for government agencies to alter the expansion course of a particular profession and service within a market or region. Thus, the fair is to postulate that the economic implication of a controlled supply of services and goods is anything, but a free market, as it would be destined to help those at the end of the monopoly hierarchy chain.
For example, in 2017, an article published by the foundation for economic education highlights, "Both, directly and indirectly, the American Medical Association (AMA) controls, the licensing of physicians, the accreditation of medical schools, admittance into medical schools, and the payment policies of insurance companies."
Politics of Licensing
For decades the Licensing and Certification policies have been primarily the topic of partisan debates. It has merely served as the subje