Value of Data and the Corporate Rapacity

And Subversion of Family Values at the Disbursal of Individual Reign

Originally Published by Data Driven Investor on Medium


Image by Tumisu from Pixabay

Human subspecies are tied in with many personae- some unique, some universal, and the majority shared across other species. Among the most significant of all are self-preservation and wanting to pass along genes down the line of family heritage. Even so, within the crowd of those shared attributes, "the person" is determined to take the selfish instinct one step ahead, and if unable to procreate, to assume the responsibility of caring for children unrelated through the sequence of lineage, through adoption. For the past hundreds of years, human beings have found alternate ways to meet inner traction to parent while struggling to support that biological and psychological contentment comes with that commitment. Still, successful achieving, that human nature does not throttle itself to the reward of parentage.

Human beings are inquisitive to learn about their past and ancestral lineage. In most cases, those with the prerequisite of biological birth and known family trees are too mindful. Still, under the circumstances, including sperm donor-ship and adoption, rudimentary details can trigger instinctual curiosity for progenies to seek their biological parents.

Generally speaking, adopting a parent's aspiration is to be looked upon as genuine parental at one hand, children's instinctive curiosity in search of blood relation, namelessness of the sperm donor-ship, and the receiving parents are all the impeccable cause for conflict of interest. For decades, laws and ethical standards were in place to assure all parties of their individual rights. But- with the emerging technologies, change in millennial mindset, and new corporate business strategies, the task of upholding traditional yet legal and ethical standards is becoming crushingly thought-provoking. Although the millennial conceptual defiance is merely aligned headed for revealing the identity of the sperm donor, particularly among the families of same-sex marriage, but still- the risks of sharing such information have the potential to reach beyond divulging biologic paternity. Conversely- a significant portion of non-biological parents desires to be perceived as the sole parent by way of hoping to cling to the anonymity of the other half of the child's genetic makeup. As mentioned previously, unless real solutions are realized, the era of paternal anonymity will be coming to an end.

Between the Sperm banks being forced to break rules of a confidentiality agreement with their donors, the growing Genetic Testing Market, along with lucrative corporate financial gain, the upkeep of donor confidentiality and offspring identity is fated to become a grim task.

What is Artificial Insemination?

Artificial insemination is the technical term for intentional female impregnation using a 3rd party (anonymous) donor sperm. As a famous routine offered today to sub-fertile women worldwide, the concept of artificial insemination was originated with the intent to increase gamete or sperm density at the site of fertilization, aiming to maximize embryo formation. The latter procedure is also commonly performed by Veterinarians to pick out and refine breeds of animals for a particular objective. However, due to its ethical implications, similar practices on humans are strictly prohibited; yet, limited to the reproduction, and restricted phenotype selectivity, including donor ethnicity, intelligence, and health. The complete application of Artificial insemination, beyond male infertility, low sperm, same-sex marriages, or sub-factors, including low sperm cell count, is the subject of significant ethical, religious, societal polemics. After a century of human mindset phylogeny, is more accessible today for a matrimonial pair to undergo In-vitro fertilization using a husband or life partner's sperm. Nonetheless, such a mindset is remote from enough liberation of ideas and values to accept bearing 3rd party donor sperm. Thence as pointing out in this article, the notion of artificial insemination invariably refers to donor sperm.

The unofficial history of the first attempts to artificially inseminate a woman goes back to Henry IV (1425–1474), King of Castile, who had the nickname "the Impotent." In 1455, he married Princess Juana, sister of Afonso V of Portugal, and after six years of marriage, she gave birth to a daughter, Joanna. In 1953 the American innovator Dr. Jerome K. Sherman attempted to freeze the donor sperm with a simple method of preserving it in glycerol suspension. He accomplished preserving spermatozoon by combining the suspension with a slow cooling mechanism in solid carbon dioxide as the refrigerant. Expected; Dr. Sherman's discovery led to the sperm bank industry amplification gained popularity by the 1970s, thus leading to its full commercialization within the United States before expanding across the world.

Introduction of In-Vitro Fertilization

The introduction of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) in 1978 by Steptoe and Edwards renewed the interest in artificial fertilization. In the early years, the process was subdivided as injecting an unprepared ejaculate of the husband into the wife's uterus without any particular formulation. Nevertheless, the procedure had drawbacks resulting in uterine cramps and the increased chance of Fallopian tube infection.

With the arrival of modern IVF, safe seminal fluid preparation, and nidation techniques, artificial insemination regained its popularity and became safer and painless. Despite overwhelming progress with fertility treatment techniques, the moral implications of artificial insemination have perpetually been the theme of debates. One significant contestation goes back to 1909, when the Catholic Church demurred all forms of artificial insemination. They based it on meritoriousness that such practices promote masturbation and ignorance of the religious significance of coition. But the major literary criticism was from the fact that artificial insemination was at the time considered the act of adultery. Other critics targeted the fertility practice by believing it would encourage the sinful acts of genetic and ethnic cleansing.

What is Female Ovum Donation?

The first-ever baby born from conferrer egg was reportedly in Australia in 1983. Around the same time, a clinic in Southern California reported a successful pregnancy using donor ovum. That led to the birth of the first American child born by artificial methods on February 3, 1984.

The Concept of Cloning or Pluripotent Stem Cell Induction

With its overwhelming controversy, human cloning is the conception of a genetically identical copy or clone of the human. The term is generally used for artificial human cloning, which is the procreation of human cells and tissues. Two standard researched methods of therapeutic cloning are somatic-cell nuclear transfer and pluripotent stem cell induction. With the cloning of a sheep, the Dolly, in 1996 using somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), the thought of human cloning became the topic of scalding argument and universal outlaw within the norms of modern societies.

Today besides their individual storms, artificial insemination, surrogate ovum hosts, and human cloning share fundamental ethical proceeds; data privacy.

Genetic Testing or Profiling

Genetic testing is used in the medical sphere to key out changes in chromosomes, genes, and proteins involved in genetic conditions or diseases. By identifying the genetic makeup, physicians can specify a person's probability of developing or passing on a genetic disorder to the next generation. More than 1,000 genetic tests are now in use and are being developed to a greater extent.

Genetic testing is also able to define, match and profile populations based on their genetic composition. That includes matching blood relatives against a profile of disorders. Through sophisticated deep learning software programs that need a large amount of genetic data to process, profiling the analysis of DNA from samples of body tissues or fluids is conveniently performed when conducted to predict sus